Traefik是一个现代HTTP反向代理和负载均衡器,可以轻松部署微服务。Traefik与您现有的基础架构组件(Docker,Swarm模式,Kubernetes,Marathon,Consul,Etcd,Rancher,Amazon ECS ……)集成,并自动动态配置。在您的协调器上指向Traefik应该是您需要的唯一配置步骤。官网文档

Traefik会监听您的服务注册表/协调程序API,并立即生成路由,以便您的微服务连接到外部世界 - 无需您的进一步干预

每个命名空间的RoleBinding可以限制授予权限,只有Traefik正在监视的名称空间才能使用,从而遵循最小权限原则

创建配置文件

Traefik 1.5及更高版本中提供了每个命名空间的RoleBinding,为简单起见,这里使用ClusterRoleBinding

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cat traefik-rbac.yaml

---
kind: ClusterRole
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1beta1
metadata:
  name: traefik-ingress-controller
rules:
  - apiGroups:
      - ""
    resources:
      - services
      - endpoints
      - secrets
    verbs:
      - get
      - list
      - watch
  - apiGroups:
      - extensions
    resources:
      - ingresses
    verbs:
      - get
      - list
      - watch
---
kind: ClusterRoleBinding
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1beta1
metadata:
  name: traefik-ingress-controller
roleRef:
  apiGroup: rbac.authorization.k8s.io
  kind: ClusterRole
  name: traefik-ingress-controller
subjects:
- kind: ServiceAccount
  name: traefik-ingress-controller
  namespace: kube-system

kubectl create -f traefik-rbac.yaml

使用 Traefik 部署Deployment
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vim traefik-deployment.yaml

---
apiVersion: v1
kind: ServiceAccount
metadata:
  name: traefik-ingress-controller
  namespace: kube-system
---
kind: Deployment
apiVersion: extensions/v1beta1
metadata:
  name: traefik-ingress-controller
  namespace: kube-system
  labels:
    k8s-app: traefik-ingress-lb
spec:
  replicas: 1
  selector:
    matchLabels:
      k8s-app: traefik-ingress-lb
  template:
    metadata:
      labels:
        k8s-app: traefik-ingress-lb
        name: traefik-ingress-lb
    spec:
      serviceAccountName: traefik-ingress-controller
      terminationGracePeriodSeconds: 60
      containers:
      - image: traefik
        name: traefik-ingress-lb
        ports:
        - name: http
          containerPort: 80
        - name: admin
          containerPort: 8080
        args:
        - --api
        - --kubernetes
        - --logLevel=INFO
---
kind: Service
apiVersion: v1
metadata:
  name: traefik-ingress-service
  namespace: kube-system
spec:
  selector:
    k8s-app: traefik-ingress-lb
  ports:
    - protocol: TCP
      port: 80
      name: web
    - protocol: TCP
      port: 8080
      name: admin
  type: NodePort

kubectl create -f traefik-deployment.yaml

使用 Traefik 部署Daemonset
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vim traefik-ds.yaml

---
apiVersion: v1
kind: ServiceAccount
metadata:
  name: traefik-ingress-controller
  namespace: kube-system
---
kind: DaemonSet
apiVersion: extensions/v1beta1
metadata:
  name: traefik-ingress-controller
  namespace: kube-system
  labels:
    k8s-app: traefik-ingress-lb
spec:
  template:
    metadata:
      labels:
        k8s-app: traefik-ingress-lb
        name: traefik-ingress-lb
    spec:
      serviceAccountName: traefik-ingress-controller
      terminationGracePeriodSeconds: 60
      containers:
      - image: traefik
        name: traefik-ingress-lb
        ports:
        - name: http
          containerPort: 80
          hostPort: 80
        - name: admin
          containerPort: 8080
        securityContext:
          capabilities:
            drop:
            - ALL
            add:
            - NET_BIND_SERVICE
        args:
        - --api
        - --kubernetes
        - --logLevel=INFO
---
kind: Service
apiVersion: v1
metadata:
  name: traefik-ingress-service
  namespace: kube-system
spec:
  selector:
    k8s-app: traefik-ingress-lb
  ports:
    - protocol: TCP
      port: 80
      name: web
    - protocol: TCP
      port: 8080
      name: admin

kubectl create -f traefik-ds.yaml

ingress 创建
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vim traefik-web-ui.yaml

apiVersion: v1
kind: Service
metadata:
  name: traefik-web-ui
  namespace: kube-system
spec:
  selector:
    k8s-app: traefik-ingress-lb
  ports:
  - name: web
    port: 80
    targetPort: 8080
---
apiVersion: extensions/v1beta1
kind: Ingress
metadata:
  name: traefik-web-ui
  namespace: kube-system
spec:
  rules:
  - host: traefik-ui.local
    http:
      paths:
      - path: /
        backend:
          serviceName: traefik-web-ui
          servicePort: web

kubectl create -f traefik-web-ui.yaml

接下来在客户端的HOSTS 下 加上对应的域名和IP - 192.168.11.112 k8s-n1 traefik-ui.local - 192.168.11.113 k8s-n2 traefik-ui.local

我们现在应该可以在浏览器中访问traefik-ui.local 并查看Traefik Web UI